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لغات مربوط به دریا-آموزش زبان انگلیسی با تصویر

 لغات مربوط به دریا-آموزش زبان انگلیسی با تصویر

 

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boat
قایق

Boats float in the water.

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anchor
لنگر کشتی

An anchor is a heavy metal device that holds a ship in place.

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African penguin
پنگوئن آفریقایی

The African penguin is a small, flightless bird that lives on islands off the coast of southern Africa.

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bowhead whale
نهنگ سرکمانی

The bowhead whale is a large whale that eats tiny food that it sieves through baleen.

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blue whale
نهنگ آبی

The blue whale is the biggest animal that ever lived. It eats tiny food that it sieves through baleen.

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blue shark
کوسه آبی

The blue shark is a sleek, fast-swimming shark with blue skin.

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clam
صدف دوکفه ای

Clams are animals with two shells. They burrow under the sand.

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bull shark
کوسه نره گاو

The bull shark is a dangerous predator that has a flattened snout.

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breaching
رخنه

Breaching is when whales jump high out of the water. Sometimes whales spin around while they are breaching.

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cookiecutter shark
نوعی کوسه

The cookiecutter shark is a small shark that takes circular bites out of its prey. Also known as the luminous or cigar shark.

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conch
صدف حلزونی

The conch is a large, shelled animal from warm seas.

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clown fish
دلقک ماهی

The clown fish is a colorful fish that lives with sea anemones.

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crab
خرچنگ

A crab has a hard shell and eyes on stalks on its head.

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coral reef
صخره مرجانی

Coral reefs are warm, clear, shallow ocean habitats that are rich in life.

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coral
مرجان

Coral is a tiny ocean animal that lives in colonies. Some corals leave a hard, stony skeleton when they die.

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angelshark
نوعی کوسه

Angelsharks are sharks that have flat bodies and live on the ocean floor.

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angelfish
نوعی ماهی

Angelfish are brightly-colored fish that live in warm water.

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cuttlefish
ده پا

The cuttlefish is a close relative of the octopus and the squid.

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coral reef
صخره مرجانی

Coral reefs are warm, clear, shallow ocean habitats that are rich in life.

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beluga whale
نوعی نهنگ

The beluga is a small, white, toothed whale that lives mostly in cold, arctic waters.

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basking shark
کوسه ماهی خاویار

The basking shark is huge and eats very tiny animals that float in the ocean.

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dugong
داگونگ

Dugongs are gentle, slow-swimming, aquatic mammals.

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dolphin
دلفین

A dolphin is a marine mammal with a long nose and teeth. Dolphins are whales.

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dogfish shark
کوسه سگ ماهی

The dogfish shark is a small, very common shark that is found all over the world. It is not dangerous to people.

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elephant seal
فک فیلی

The elephant seal is a huge seal that lives in the Pacific Ocean.

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eel
مارماهی

The eel is a long, snake-like fish.

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echolocation
موقعیت سنجی با انعکاس صدا

In echolocation (also called sonar), a high-pitched sound (usually clicks) is sent out. The sound bounces off the object and some returns. The returning echo is interpreted to determine the object's shape, direction, distance, and texture. Dolphins (and other toothed whales) and some bats use sonar to navigate and find prey.

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fiddler crab
خرچنگ ساززن

The fiddler crab is small crab that lives on beaches. The male fiddler crab has one enlarged claw.

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emperor penguin
پنگوئن امپراتور

The emperor penguin is the largest penguin; it lives on ice packs in Antarctica.

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emperor angelfish
ماهی امپراتور

The emperor angelfish is a brightly-colored, flattened fish that lives in shallow warm waters.

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fish
ماهی

Fish live in the water and breathe with gills.

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fin whale
نهنگ باله بزرگ

The fin whale is a very large baleen whale. It is the second largest animal in the world.

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fin
باله

Fish use their fins to swim.

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giant squid
ماهی مرکب عظیم الجثه

Giant Squid swim deep in the oceans. They have ten arms and their eyes are the size of basketballs.

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flukes
انتهای دم نهنگ

The tail of whales and dolphins is called the flukes (each half of the tail is called a fluke). Flukes have no bones in them. Whales swim by moving their flukes up and down in the water (fish move their tail left to right).

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flipper
باله (اندامی پارومانند)

Flippers are wide, flat limbs that many marine animals use for swimming. Seals and whales have flippers.

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gray whale
نهنگ خاکستری

The gray whale is a baleen whale that eats tiny organisms from the mud on the bottom on the ocean.

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goblin shark
نوعی کوسه

The Goblin shark has a very long snout.

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gills
آبشش

Gills are organs that fish and amphibians use to breathe underwater.

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hammerhead shark
کوسه سرچکشی

The hammerhead shark has a head shaped like a hammer.

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gull
مرغ نوروزی

Gulls are birds that live near oceans and lakes.

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great white shark
کوسه سفید بزرگ

The Great White shark is a large, meat-eating fish.

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hermit crab

خرچنگ گوشه گیر

Hermit crabs are crabs that lack a hard shell; they use a discarded shell for protection.

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hatchetfish
نوعی ماهی

Hatchetfish are oddly-shaped fish from South and Central America.

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harp seal
نوعی فک

The harp seal is a marine mammal that lives in the North Atlantic and in the Arctic Ocean.

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humpback whale
نهنگ کوهان دار

Humpbacks are very acrobatic whales that sing beautiful, complex songs.

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hull
بدنه کشتی

The hull is the main body or frame of a ship.

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horseshoe crab
خرچنگ نعل اسبی

The horseshoe crab is a hard-shelled animal that lives in warm coastal waters on the sea floor.

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keel
کف کشتی

The keel is the bottom of a ship.

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jellyfish
ستاره دریایی

Jellyfish are animals that have stinging tentacles.

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intertidal zone
منطقه درون جزرومدی

The intertidal zone is where the sea meets the land, the area between high tide and low tide.

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krill
کریل

Krill are small marine animals that are eaten by many big animals, including some whales.

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killer whale
نهنگ قاتل

Killer whales are also known as orcas. These whales eats hundreds of pounds of fish and marine mammals every day.

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kelp

کتانجک (نوعی گیاه)

Kelp is brown seaweed that grows in cold water.

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lighthouse
فانوس دریایی

A lighthouse shines a very bright light so ships won't sail ashore or into rocks by mistake.

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lemon shark
کوسه لیمویی

The lemon shark is a yellowish shark.

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lanternfish
نوعی ماهی که نور تولید می کند

Lanternfish are fish that have light-producing organs and very large eyes.

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lobtailing
نوعی حرکت دم کوسه

Lobtailing is when a whale sticks its tail out of the water into the air, swings the tail around, and then slaps the tail on the water's surface. Lobtailing makes a very loud noise.

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lobster
نوعی خرچنگ

A lobster lives on the ocean floor and has five pairs of legs. Lobsters have blue blood.

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limpet

لیمپت (نوعی نرم تن شکمپا)

The limpet is a marine animal with a soft body and a flattened, cone-shaped shell.

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manatee
گاو دریایی

Manatees are gentle, slow-swimming, aquatic mammals.

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mako shark
نوعی کوسه

The mako shark is a very fast shark with bluish skin.

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macaroni penguin
پنگوئن ماکارونی

The macaroni penguin is a penguin from the Antarctic that has a yellow, feathery crest on its head.

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marine mammals
پستانداران دریایی

Marine mammals live in the sea and breathe air. Seals, sea lions, whales, and others are marine mammals.

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manta ray
نوعی سفره ماهی

Manta rays are harmless fish and are related to sharks. Mantas are the biggest rays.

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man-of-war
جرگه شناور جانوران

The Portuguese man-of-war is a floating colony of animals that has very long, stinging tentacles. It lives in warm ocean waters.

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nautilus
حلزون گرمسیری مارپیچی

The nautilus is a sea animal related to the squid and octopus!

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narwhal
نهنگ دریایی قطب شمال

The narwhal is an Arctic whale; the male has a huge tooth.

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moray eel
نوعی مارماهی

The moray eel is a long, snake-like fish that has circular gills.

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orca
نام دیگر نهنگ قاتل

Orcas are also known as killer whales. An orca eats hundreds of pounds of fish and marine mammals every day.

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octopus
اختاپوس، هشت پا

Octopi have eight arms and live on the sea floor.

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nurse shark
کوسه پرستار

The nurse shark is a large predator that lives in warm water in coral reefs.

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pelican
پلیکان

The pelican is fish-eating bird with a huge, pouched bill.

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oyster

نوعی صدف (خوراکی)

The oyster is a soft-bodied marine animal that is protected by two hard shells.

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otter
سمور دریایی

An otter is a playful aquatic mammal.

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pod
گروه نهنگ ها

A group of whales is called a pod.

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plankton
پلانکتون

Plankton are tiny organisms that float in the seas and other bodies of water. Plankton is the base of the oceanic food web.

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penguin
پنگوئن

Penguins are birds that cannot fly but swim very well.

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porthole
پنجره کشتی

A porthole is a window in a ship.

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porpoise
دلفین

A porpoise is a marine mammal with a long nose and teeth. They are also known as dolphins; they are a type of toothed whales.

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polar bear
خرس قطبی

Polar bears are large meat-eaters live in the far north. They have clear-colored hair and black skin.

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pufferfish
ماهی پفی

Also called blowfish, this poisonous fish can swallow water to double its size.

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prow
دماغه کشتی

The prow is front part of a ship.

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propeller
پروانه کشتی

A propeller is a device with blades that is turned by an engine; it makes boats (and some airplanes) move.

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reef
تپه دریایی

Reefs are warm, clear, shallow ocean habitats that are rich in life.

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ray
سفره ماهی

A ray is a flat fish that is related to the sharks. Many have a long tail that stings.

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queen conch
صدف حلزونی سبز

The queen conch is a large, shelled animal from warm seas. It is in danger of extinction.

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rowboat
قایق پارویی

A rowboat is a small boat that is propelled by oars that a person moves.

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rockhopper penguin
پنگوئن راکهاپر

The rockhopper penguin is a small, aggressive, crested bird that cannot fly.

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right whale
نوعی نهنگ

Right whales are baleen whales with a huge head and an arched mouth. They were almost hunted to extinction.

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sailfish
شمشیر ماهی

The sailfish is a deep-sea fish. It is the fastest fish in the sea and can swim up to 68 miles per hour (110 kph).

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sailboat
قایق بادبانی

A sailboat is a boat that has sails and is powered by the wind.

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sail
بادبان

A sail is a large piece of strong fabric that catches the wind and propels a boat or sailboard through the water.

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sand dollar
دلار شن

Sand Dollars are coin-shaped spiny-skinned sea bed animals that have 5-part radial symmetry.

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sand
شن

Sand is a loose material composed of fine debris of rock and mineral particles.

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salmon
ماهی آزاد

Salmon are fish that live in the sea and spawn in fresh water.

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scuba diver
غواص با لباس غواصی

Scuba divers swim under the water and carry their own air in a tank on their back.

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scallop
گوش ماهی، حلزون های دوکفه ای

Scallops are animals that have two shells and live on the ocean floor.

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scales
پولک

Scales are thin, hard, overlapping plates on some animals. Fish are covered with scales. Butterfly wings are made of scales.

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sea cow
گاو دریایی

Sea cows (also called manatees) are gentle, slow-swimming, aquatic mammals.

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sea anemone
شقایق دریایی

A sea snemone is a predatory sea animal that looks like a flower and lives on the ocean floor.

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sea
دریا

A sea is a large body of salt water that is connected to an ocean. A sea may be partly or completely surrounded by land.

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sea horse
اسب دریایی

The sea horse is a very strange type of fish - it has a long snout and a curled tail.

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sea gull
مرغ دریایی

The sea gull is the common name for some birds that live near oceans and lakes.

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sea cucumber
خیار دریایی

Sea cucumbers are cylinder-shaped animals that live on the sea floor.

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sea otter
سمور دریایی

Sea otters are marine mammals with very dense, waterproof fur.

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sea lion
شیر دریایی

Sea lions are eared seals that live off the coast of western North America.

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seal
فک

Seals are animals that live in the ocean but breathe air. They are marine mammals.

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seaweed
جلبک دریایی

Seaweed is a plant that lives in the sea.

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sea urchin
جوجه تیغی دریایی

The sea urchin is a spiny, globular animal that lives on the ocean floor.

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sea star
ستاره دریایی

Sea stars, another name for starfish, are animals that live on the ocean floor.

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ship
کشتی

A ship is a very large boat.

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shell
پوسته

Some animals grow a shell for protection.

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shark
کوسه

Sharks are meat-eaters that have no bones, only cartilage (which is softer than bone) in their skeleton.

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sponge
اسفنج

A sponge is a primitive animal that lives in the water.

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snail
حلزون

A snail is a small, slow animal with its own shell.

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shrimp
میگو

Shrimp are small animals that live in the water.

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starfish
ستاره دریایی

Starfish (also known as sea stars) are animals that live on the ocean floor.

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squid
ماهی مرکب

Squids swim in the oceans. They have ten arms and an ink sac.

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spyhopping
نوعی حرکت نهنگ

Spyhopping is when a whale pokes its head up out of the water and turns around, perhaps to look around.

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sunfish
خورشید ماهی

The sunfish is a large fish with an almost circular, flattened body.

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submarine
زیردریایی

A submarine is a vessel that can travel underwater and carry people.

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stingray
نوعی سفره ماهی

A stingray is a flat fish with cartilage instead of bones. Its sting is in its tail.

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tern
پرستوری دریایی

Terns are birds that are sometimes called "sea swallows."

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swordfish
شمشیر ماهی

The swordfish is a large fish with a long, sharp bill.

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swim
شنا کردن

When you swim, you move around in the water.

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tugboat
قایق یدک کش

A tugboat is a sturdy boat that guides large boats in and out of harbors.

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tiger shark
کوسه ببری

Tiger sharks are large, fierce sharks that have faint stripes.

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thresher shark
نوعی کوسه ماهی درنده

The thresher shark has a a greatly-elongated top part of the tail.

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water
آب

Water is a liquid that we drink and use to wash. Water covers over two thirds of the surface of the Earth, and much of our body is made of water.

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walrus
شیرماهی

A walrus is a northern marine mammal with ivory tusks.

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tuna
ماهی تن

The tuna is a very large, bony fish that lives in the ocean. People eat a lot of tuna.

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whale
نهنگ

Whales are large marine mammals. Whales breathe air using lungs.

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Weddell seal
نوعی فک

The Weddell seal is a large, nocturnal marine mammal from Antarctica (near the South Pole).

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wave
موج

There are waves of water in the ocean.

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Xiphias
گروه (گونه) ماهی شمشیری

Xiphias is the group (genus) of swordfish, fast-swimming fish that have a long, sharp bill.

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whelk
صدف حلزونی

Whelks are ocean animals with a hard, spiral shell.

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whale shark
کوسه نهنگ

The whale shark is the biggest shark and the biggest fish, but it eats tiny food that it sieves through its gills. It is not a whale; it is a shark.

 

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zooplankton
زوپلانکتون

Zooplankton are tiny animals that float in the seas and other bodies of water.

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yacht
کشتی تفریحی

A yacht is a very nice small ship.

 

منبع : http://020.ir

 

+ نوشته شده در  یکشنبه نهم فروردین 1388ساعت 21:42  توسط حامد سلیمی پور  |